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Montessori Curriculum

The Montessori Curriculum is split into five distinctive areas:

Everyday Living Activities (ELA)

The purpose and aim of ELA is to help the child gain control in the coordination of his movement, and help the child to gain independence and adapt to his society. It is therefore important to "Teach teaching, not correcting" in order to allow the child to be a fully functional member in his own society. ELA exercises also aid the growth and development of the child's intellect and concentration and will in turn also help the child develop an orderly way of thinking.

 

Sensorial Activities 

Sensorial activity is for the child to acquire clear, conscious, information and to be able to then make classifications in his environment. Through work with the sensorial materials, the child is given the keys to classifying the things around him, which leads the child making his own experiences in his environment. Through the classfication, the child is also offered the first steps in organizing his intelligence, which then leads to his adapting to his environment.

 

Mathematics 

By age four, the child is ready for teh laguage of mathematics. A series of preparations have been made. First the child has established internal order. Second, the child has developed precise movement. Third, the child has established the work habit. Fourth, the child is able to follow and complete a work cycle. Fifth, the child has the ability to concentrate. Sixth, the child has learnt to follow a process. Seventh, the child has used symbols. All of this previous development has brought the child to a maturity of mind and a readiness of work. The concrete materials for arithmetic are materialized abstractions.

 

Language

Montessori split the learning of oral language into two groups. The first group she called "The Enrichment of Vocabulary". In these activities, the child learns new words on a daily basis through formal lessons and classified groups. The second group of oral work is called "Language Training". In these exercises, the child experiences a great variety of  language expression, and games to learn the grammar of the language. Through both of these groups of exercises, the child's later learning in reading will be facilitated by the recognition of words. This is the foundation for all other language expressions.

 

Knowledge and Understanding of the World

The Montessori approach to teaching knowledge and understanding of the world is holistic. It starts from the whole and moves to the more specified and detailed. For example, teaching the Solar System and then present the Earth in its land and water forms before moving on to teach the continents. The children learn the differences between the continents, the people, the climate, typical animals and lifestyles of those continents, which are all determined by their geography. From this existing point we then introduce the children to countries, provinces, states or counties, the cities, the town and the villages.